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Fake News & Misinformation: How to Spot It and Verify: Start

When you see a “news” story, you need to dig a lot deeper than the headline or the text of the article to know if what you are seeing is fact. This guide provides tips and resources to help you discern whether the news you see and read is real or fake.


"Skepticism: the mark and even the pose of the educated mind." - John Dewey

"Facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored."  - Aldous Huxley, Proper Studies

“Fake news” has become a heavily politicized term, however the common-sense definition still applies: “any news that contains intentionally misleading information.” When you see a “news” story, you need to dig a lot deeper than the headline or the text of the article to know whether what you are seeing is fact rather than speculation, opinion, or outright fiction.

Fake News Guide from a Journalism School

Investigating a relevant quote on the topic....

 “Falsehood flies, and the truth comes limping after it.”-- Jonathan Swift, The Examiner, Nov. 9, 1710.

Verifcation Handbooks
(for Journalists)

International Fact-Checking Day! (observed annually on April 2nd)

International Fact-Checking Day is promoted by the International Fact-Checking Network (IFCN) in partnership with fact-checking organizations around the world. Fact-checking shouldn't be something only professional fact-checkers do. An accurate information ecosystem requires everyone to do their part.

How to Spot Fake News

The International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) has made this infographic with eight simple steps (based on’s 2016 article How to Spot Fake News)  to discover the verifiability of "news" that captures your attention.  

Check out’s video based on the article.


If you want to make a translation, contact Karolina Andersdotter or Evgeni Hristov at IFLA Headquarters for an editable version of the infographic. The infographic is published under CC BY 4.0.

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Comments or Suggestions?

Do you have questions, comments or suggestions about this guide? Do  you know of a website or resource to add? Please contact::

Sharon Fox, Professor/Reference Librarian

St. Louis Community College Libraries

Florissant Valley Campus Library
3400 Pershall Rd.
Ferguson, MO 63135-1408
Phone: 314-513-4514

Forest Park Campus Library
5600 Oakland
St. Louis, MO 63110-1316
Phone: 314-644-9210

Meramec Campus Library
11333 Big Bend Road
St. Louis, MO 63122-5720
Phone: 314-984-7797

Wildwood Campus Library
2645 Generations Drive
Wildwood, MO 63040-1168
Phone: 636-422-2000