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AMA Citation Guide

Note

This guide is based on the AMA Manual of Style (10th ed.) from the American Medical Association. The contents are accurate to the best of our knowledge. Some examples may illustrate recommendations and are marked as modifications of the official AMA guidelines.

What is the AMA Manual of Style?

The AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors is the style guide of the American Medical Association (AMA), written by the editors of JAMA (Journal of the American Medical Association). It specifies the styles for writing and citations in AMA publications. AMA style is commonly used by professionals and students in medical and scientific fields. It is used by many medical and scientific journals, in textbooks, and in academic papers.

In AMA, you must "cite" sources that you have paraphrased, quoted or otherwise used to write/create your own work. Cite your sources in two places:

  1. In the body of your paper where you add a brief in-text citation.
  2. In the Reference list at the end of your paper where you give more complete information for the source.

Commonly Used Terms

Citing: The process of acknowledging the sources of your information and ideas.

D O I (doi): Some electronic content, such as online journal articles, is assigned a unique number called a Digital Object Identifier (D O I or doi). Items can be tracked down online using their doi.

In-Text Citation: A brief note at the point where information is used from a source to indicate where the information came from. An in-text citation should always match more detailed information that is available in the Reference List.

Paraphrasing: Taking information that you have read and putting it into your own words.

Plagiarism: Taking, using, and passing off as your own, the ideas or words of another.

Quoting: The copying of words of text originally published elsewhere. Direct quotations generally appear in quotation marks and end with a citation.

Reference: Details about one cited source.

Reference List: Contains details on ALL the sources cited in a text or essay, and supports your research and/or premise.

Retrieval Date: Used for websites where content is likely to change over time (e.g. Wikis), the retrieval date refers to the date you last visited the website.

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