Skip to Main Content

Library Toolbox for Faculty

Ideas for helping students navigate the information ecosystem

Novice to Expert Scales


Faculty may want to examine How Information Works," when designing assignments with information literacy in mind. These "almost-rubrics" provide scales describing behaviors and attitudes of novices through experts for each frame.


Adapted from the Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education, by the Association of College and ResearchLibraries (ACRL) Adopted by the ACRL Board, January 11, 2016. “How Information Works” was created by librarians at Ohio University Libraries: Sherri Saines (lead), Miriam Intrator, Kelly Broughton, Lorraine Wochna, and Hanna Schmillen. 



St. Louis Community College Libraries

Florissant Valley Campus Library
3400 Pershall Rd.
Ferguson, MO 63135-1408
Phone: 314-513-4514

Forest Park Campus Library
5600 Oakland
St. Louis, MO 63110-1316
Phone: 314-644-9210

Meramec Campus Library
11333 Big Bend Road
St. Louis, MO 63122-5720
Phone: 314-984-7797

Wildwood Campus Library
2645 Generations Drive
Wildwood, MO 63040-1168
Phone: 636-422-2000