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Use this guide to find and evaluate information and resources related to nursing, including evidence-based practice.

Evidence-Based Practice and Systematic Reviews

Evidence-Based Practice

Evidence-based practice (EBP, Evidence-Based Medicine, or Evidence-Based Nursing), is a systematic process of appraising and using current research findings. The process includes these steps:

  • formulating a clear clinical question of patient needs
  • searching the current literature 
  • evaluating the literature and deciding which studies are valid and useful to the patient
  • applying the findings to the patient's care
  • evaluating the outcome

Systematic Reviews

A systematic review focuses on a single question and tries to identify, appraise, select and synthesize all high-quality research evidence relevant to that question. It often uses the same techniques as the meta-analysis to combine valid research studies. The seven steps for preparing a systematic review as outlined by the Cochrane Handbook are:

  • formulating the problem
  • locating & selecting studies 
  • critical appraisal of the studies 
  • collecting data,
  • analyzing & presenting results
  • interpreting the results
  • improving & updating the systematic review

Sources of Systematic Reviews

STLCC Library Databases

Open Websites 

Some open websites include free abstracts and/or citations, but the full article or review is only available for a fee. Use the Document Delivery/Interlibrary Loan form to request articles that are not readily available in the library databases or open web. 

Clinical Trials

Additional Resources

Types of Scientific Evidence

St. Louis Community College Libraries

Florissant Valley Campus Library
3400 Pershall Rd.
Ferguson, MO 63135-1408
Phone: 314-513-4514

Forest Park Campus Library
5600 Oakland
St. Louis, MO 63110-1316
Phone: 314-644-9210

Meramec Campus Library
11333 Big Bend Road
St. Louis, MO 63122-5720
Phone: 314-984-7797

Wildwood Campus Library
2645 Generations Drive
Wildwood, MO 63040-1168
Phone: 636-422-2000